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    Swaziland Geography 2000

      Location: Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa

      Geographic coordinates: 26 30 S, 31 30 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 17,363 sq km
      land: 17,203 sq km
      water: 160 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

      Land boundaries:
      total: 535 km
      border countries: Mozambique 105 km, South Africa 430 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: varies from tropical to near temperate

      Terrain: mostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Great Usutu River 21 m
      highest point: Emlembe 1,862 m

      Natural resources: asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc

      Land use:
      arable land: 11%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 62%
      forests and woodland: 7%
      other: 20% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 670 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: limited supplies of potable water; wildlife populations being depleted because of excessive hunting; overgrazing; soil degradation; soil erosion

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Desertification, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: landlocked; almost completely surrounded by South Africa

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)