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    Tajikistan Geography 2000

      Location: Central Asia, west of China

      Geographic coordinates: 39 00 N, 71 00 E

      Map references: Commonwealth of Independent States

      total: 143,100 sq km
      land: 142,700 sq km
      water: 400 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Wisconsin

      Land boundaries:
      total: 3,651 km
      border countries: Afghanistan 1,206 km, China 414 km, Kyrgyzstan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains

      Terrain: Pamir and Alay mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Syrdariya 300 m
      highest point: Pik Imeni Ismail Samani 7,495 m

      Natural resources: hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten

      Land use:
      arable land: 6%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 25%
      forests and woodland: 4%
      other: 65% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 6,390 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: inadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides; part of the basin of the shrinking Aral Sea suffers from severe overutilization of available water for irrigation and associated pollution

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: landlocked

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)