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    Philippines Geography 2000

      Location: Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam

      Geographic coordinates: 13 00 N, 122 00 E

      Map references: Southeast Asia

      total: 300,000 sq km
      land: 298,170 sq km
      water: 1,830 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Arizona

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 36,289 km

      Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: irregular polygon extending up to 100 nm from coastline as defined by 1898 treaty; since late 1970s has also claimed polygonal-shaped area in South China Sea up to 285 nm in breadth

      Climate: tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)

      Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Philippine Sea 0 m
      highest point: Mount Apo 2,954 m

      Natural resources: timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper

      Land use:
      arable land: 19%
      permanent crops: 12%
      permanent pastures: 4%
      forests and woodland: 46%
      other: 19% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 15,800 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: astride typhoon belt, usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms per year; landslides; active volcanoes; destructive earthquakes; tsunamis

      Environment - current issues: uncontrolled deforestation in watershed areas; soil erosion; air and water pollution in Manila; increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps which are important fish breeding grounds

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)