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    Paraguay Geography 2000

      Location: Central South America, northeast of Argentina

      Geographic coordinates: 23 00 S, 58 00 W

      Map references: South America

      total: 406,750 sq km
      land: 397,300 sq km
      water: 9,450 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than California

      Land boundaries:
      total: 3,920 km
      border countries: Argentina 1,880 km, Bolivia 750 km, Brazil 1,290 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: subtropical to temperate; substantial rainfall in the eastern portions, becoming semiarid in the far west

      Terrain: grassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paraguay; Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paraguay mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: junction of Rio Paraguay and Rio Parana 46 m
      highest point: Cerro San Rafael 850 m

      Natural resources: hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone

      Land use:
      arable land: 6%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 55%
      forests and woodland: 32%
      other: 7% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 670 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: local flooding in southeast (early September to June); poorly drained plains may become boggy (early October to June)

      Environment - current issues: deforestation (an estimated 2 million hectares of forest land were lost from 1958-85); water pollution; inadequate means for waste disposal present health risks for many urban residents

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note: landlocked; lies between Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)