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    Iran Transportation 2000

      Railways: 5,600 km
      broad gauge: 94 km 1.676-m gauge
      standard gauge: 5,506 km 1.435-m gauge (146 km electrified) (1998)

      Highways:
      total: 140,200 km
      paved: 49,440 km (including 470 km of expressways)
      unpaved: 90,760 km (1998 est.)

      Waterways: 904 km; the Shatt al Arab is usually navigable by maritime traffic for about 130 km; channel has been dredged to 3 m and is in use

      Pipelines: crude oil 5,900 km; petroleum products 3,900 km; natural gas 4,550 km

      Ports and harbors: Abadan (largely destroyed in fighting during 1980-88 war), Ahvaz, Bandar 'Abbas, Bandar-e Anzali, Bushehr, Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni, Bandar-e Lengeh, Bandar-e Mahshahr, Bandar-e Torkaman, Chabahar (Bandar Beheshti), Jazireh-ye Khark, Jazireh-ye Lavan, Jazireh-ye Sirri, Khorramshahr (limited operation since November 1992), Now Shahr

      Merchant marine:
      total: 138 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,517,751 GRT/6,208,230 DWT
      ships by type: bulk 45, cargo 36, chemical tanker 4, combination bulk 1, container 7, liquified gas 1, multi-functional large load carrier 6, petroleum tanker 26, refrigerated cargo 2, roll-on/roll-off 9, short-sea passenger 1 (1999 est.)

      Airports: 288 (1999 est.)

      Airports - with paved runways:
      total: 112
      over 3,047 m: 38
      2,438 to 3,047 m: 21
      1,524 to 2,437 m: 23
      914 to 1,523 m: 24
      under 914 m: 6 (1999 est.)

      Airports - with unpaved runways:
      total: 176
      over 3,047 m: 2
      2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
      1,524 to 2,437 m: 14
      914 to 1,523 m: 123
      under 914 m: 32 (1999 est.)

      Heliports: 11 (1999 est.)

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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