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Hungary Geography 1999

    Location: Central Europe, northwest of Romania

    Geographic coordinates: 47 00 N, 20 00 E

    Map references: Europe

    total: 93,030 sq km
    land: 92,340 sq km
    water: 690 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Indiana

    Land boundaries:
    total: 2,009 km
    border countries: Austria 366 km, Croatia 329 km, Romania 443 km, Serbia and Montenegro 151 km (all with Serbia), Slovakia 515 km, Slovenia 102 km, Ukraine 103 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers

    Terrain: mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Tisza River 78 m
    highest point: Kekes 1,014 m

    Natural resources: bauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils

    Land use:
    arable land: 51%
    permanent crops: 2%
    permanent pastures: 13%
    forests and woodland: 19%
    other: 15% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 2,060 sq km (1993 est.)

    Environment—current issues: the approximation of Hungary's standards in waste management, energy efficiency, and air, soil, and water pollution with environmental requirements for EU accession will require large investments, estimated by the Government of Hungary at $4 billion over six years; the 1997 budget allocated $9.7 million for this purpose; the 1998 budget allocated $11.3 million; the Central Environmental Fund, which collects monies from product charges, environmental fines, and mining taxes, provided approximately $76.2 million in 1997 and is expected to provide $109.5 million in 1998

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Law of the Sea

    Geography—note: landlocked; strategic location astride main land routes between Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula as well as between Ukraine and Mediterranean basin

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)