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Ghana Geography

    Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo

    Geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 2 00 W

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 238,540 sq km
    land: 230,020 sq km
    water: 8,520 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Oregon

    Land boundaries:
    total: 2,093 km
    border countries: Burkina Faso 548 km, Cote d'Ivoire 668 km, Togo 877 km

    Coastline: 539 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north

    Terrain: mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mount Afadjato 880 m

    Natural resources: gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber

    Land use:
    arable land: 12%
    permanent crops: 7%
    permanent pastures: 22%
    forests and woodland: 35%
    other: 24% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 60 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: dry, dusty, harmattan winds occur from January to March; droughts

    Environment—current issues: recent drought in north severely affecting agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
    signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

    Geography—note: Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake; northeasterly harmattan wind (January to March)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)