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    Hungary Geography 1997

      Location Central Europe, northwest of Romania

      Geographic coordinates 47 00 N, 20 00 E

      Map references Europe

      total: 93,030 sq km
      land: 92,340 sq km
      water: 690 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Indiana

      Land boundaries
      total: 2,009 km
      border countries: Austria 366 km, Croatia 329 km, Romania 443 km, Serbia and Montenegro151 km (all with Serbia), Slovakia 515 km, Slovenia 102 km, Ukraine 103 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers

      Terrain mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakianborder

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Tisza River 78 m
      highest point: Kekes 1,014 m

      Natural resources bauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils

      Land use
      arable land: 51%
      permanent crops : 2%
      permanent pastures: 13%
      forests and woodland: 19%
      other: 15% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 2,060 sq km (1993 est.)

      Environment - current issues an early-1996 government study identified 179 areas that suffer fromair pollution, 54 areas with polluted soil, and 32 areas with polluted undergroundwater; the study estimated clean-up costs at $350 million, but the 1996 governmentbudget allocated only about $7 million for this purpose

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur85, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, HazardousWastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Law of theSea

      Geography - note landlocked; strategic location astride main land routes between WesternEurope and Balkan Peninsula as well as between Ukraine and Mediterranean basin

      NOTE: The information regarding Hungary on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Hungary Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Hungary Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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