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Bahrain Geography 1999

    Location: Middle East, archipelago in the Persian Gulf, east of Saudi Arabia

    Geographic coordinates: 26 00 N, 50 33 E

    Map references: Middle East

    total: 620 sq km
    land: 620 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 161 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: extending to boundaries to be determined
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers

    Terrain: mostly low desert plain rising gently to low central escarpment

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
    highest point: Jabal ad Dukhan 122 m

    Natural resources: oil, associated and nonassociated natural gas, fish

    Land use:
    arable land: 1%
    permanent crops: 1%
    permanent pastures: 6%
    forests and woodland: 0%
    other: 92% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: periodic droughts; dust storms

    Environment—current issues: desertification resulting from the degradation of limited arable land, periods of drought, and dust storms; coastal degradation (damage to coastlines, coral reefs, and sea vegetation) resulting from oil spills and other discharges from large tankers, oil refineries, and distribution stations; no natural fresh water resources so that groundwater and sea water are the only sources for all water needs

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: close to primary Middle Eastern petroleum sources; strategic location in Persian Gulf which much of Western world's petroleum must transit to reach open ocean

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)