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    Uzbekistan Geography 2000

      Location: Central Asia, north of Afghanistan

      Geographic coordinates: 41 00 N, 64 00 E

      Map references: Commonwealth of Independent States

      Area:
      total: 447,400 sq km
      land: 425,400 sq km
      water: 22,000 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than California

      Land boundaries:
      total: 6,221 km
      border countries: Afghanistan 137 km, Kazakhstan 2,203 km, Kyrgyzstan 1,099 km, Tajikistan 1,161 km, Turkmenistan 1,621 km

      Coastline: 0 km
      note: Uzbekistan includes the southern portion of the Aral Sea with a 420 km shoreline

      Maritime claims: none (doubly landlocked)

      Climate: mostly midlatitude desert, long, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland in east

      Terrain: mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes; broad, flat intensely irrigated river valleys along course of Amu Darya, Sirdaryo (Syr Darya), and Zarafshon; Fergana Valley in east surrounded by mountainous Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan; shrinking Aral Sea in west

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Sariqarnish Kuli -12 m
      highest point: Adelunga Toghi 4,301 m

      Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, uranium, silver, copper, lead and zinc, tungsten, molybdenum

      Land use:
      arable land: 9%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 46%
      forests and woodland: 3%
      other: 41% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 40,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: drying up of the Aral Sea is resulting in growing concentrations of chemical pesticides and natural salts; these substances are then blown from the increasingly exposed lake bed and contribute to desertification; water pollution from industrial wastes and the heavy use of fertilizers and pesticides is the cause of many human health disorders; increasing soil salination; soil contamination from agricultural chemicals, including DDT

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: along with Liechtenstein, one of the only two doubly landlocked countries in the world

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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