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    New Zealand Geography 2000

      Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia

      Geographic coordinates: 41 00 S, 174 00 E

      Map references: Oceania

      Area:
      total: 268,680 sq km
      land: 268,670 sq km
      water: 10 sq km
      note: includes Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands, Bounty Islands, Campbell Island, Chatham Islands, and Kermadec Islands

      Area - comparative: about the size of Colorado

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 15,134 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: temperate with sharp regional contrasts

      Terrain: predominately mountainous with some large coastal plains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Cook 3,764 m

      Natural resources: natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone

      Land use:
      arable land: 9%
      permanent crops: 5%
      permanent pastures: 50%
      forests and woodland: 28%
      other: 8% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 2,850 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: earthquakes are common, though usually not severe; volcanic activity

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; native flora and fauna hard-hit by species introduced from outside

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: about 80% of the population lives in cities

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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