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    Croatia Geography 2000

      Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia

      Geographic coordinates: 45 10 N, 15 30 E

      Map references: Europe

      Area:
      total: 56,538 sq km
      land: 56,410 sq km
      water: 128 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than West Virginia

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,197 km
      border countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina 932 km, Hungary 329 km, Serbia and Montenegro 266 km (241 km with Serbia; 25 km with Montenegro), Slovenia 670 km

      Coastline: 5,790 km (mainland 1,778 km, islands 4,012 km)

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast

      Terrain: geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
      highest point: Dinara 1,830 m

      Natural resources: oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 21%
      permanent crops: 2%
      permanent pastures: 20%
      forests and woodland: 38%
      other: 19% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 30 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: frequent and destructive earthquakes

      Environment - current issues: air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; widespread casualties and destruction of infrastructure in border areas affected by civil strife

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification

      Geography - note: controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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