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Uruguay Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Oriental Republic of Uruguay
    conventional short form: Uruguay
    local long form: Republica Oriental del Uruguay
    local short form: Uruguay

    Data code: UY

    Government type: republic

    Capital: Montevideo

    Administrative divisions: 19 departments (departamentos, singular—departamento); Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Durazno, Flores, Florida, Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rivera, Rocha, Salto, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres

    Independence: 25 August 1825 (from Brazil)

    National holiday: Independence Day, 25 August (1825)

    Constitution: 27 November 1966, effective February 1967, suspended 27 June 1973, new constitution rejected by referendum 30 November 1980; two constitutional reforms approved by plebiscite 26 November 1989 and 7 January 1997

    Legal system: based on Spanish civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Julio Maria SANGUINETTI (since 1 March 1995) and Vice President Hugo FERNANDEZ Faingold (since 5 October 1998); note—the president is both the chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President Julio Maria SANGUINETTI (since 1 March 1995) and Vice President Hugo FERNANDEZ Faingold (since 5 October 1998); note—the president is both the chief of state and head of government
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president with parliamentary approval
    elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for five-year terms; election last held 27 November 1994 (next to be held 31 October 1999 with run-off election if necessary on 28 November 1999)
    election results: Julio Maria SANGUINETTI elected president; percent of vote—23%

    Legislative branch: bicameral General Assembly or Asamblea General consists of Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (30 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and Chamber of Representatives or Camara de Representantes (99 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
    elections: Chamber of Senators—last held 27 November 1994 (next to be held 31 October 1999); Chamber of Representatives—last held 27 November 1994 (next to be held 31 October 1999)
    election results: Chamber of Senators—percent of vote by party—Colorado 36%, Blanco 34%, Encuentro Progresista 27%, New Sector/Space 3%; seats by party—Colorado 11, Blanco 10, Encuentro Progresista 8, New Sector/Space 1; Chamber of Representatives—percent of vote by party—Colorado 32%, Blanco 31%, Encuentro Progresista 31%, New Sector/Space 5%; seats by party—Colorado 32, Blanco 31, Encuentro Progresista 31, New Sector/Space 5

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court, judges are nominated by the president and elected for 10-year terms by the General Assembly

    Political parties and leaders: National Party or Blanco [Walter SANTORO]; Herrerista faction of the National Party [Luis LACALLE]; Herrero Wilsonista faction of the National Party [Alaberto VOLONTE]; Colorado Party [Julio M. SANGUINETTI]; Batlleist faction of the Colorado Party [Luis LACALLE]; Broad Front Coalition [historical leader—Gen. Liber SEREGNI]; Progressive Encounter in the Broad Front or Encuentro Progresista [Tabare VAZQUEZ]; New Sector/Space Coalition or Nuevo Espacio [Rafael MICHELINI]

    International organization participation: CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-11, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur, MINURSO, MONUA, NAM (observer), OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMOGIP, UNMOT, UNOMIG, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Alvaro DIEZ DE MEDINA SUAREZ
    chancery: 2715 M Street, NW, Washington, DC 20007
    telephone: [1] (202) 331-1313 through 1316
    FAX: [1] (202) 331-8142
    consulate(s) general: Los Angeles, Miami, and New York

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Christopher C. ASHBY
    embassy: Lauro Muller 1776, Montevideo
    mailing address: APO AA 34035
    telephone: [598] (2) 23 60 61, 48 77 77
    FAX: [598] (2) 48 86 11

    Flag description: nine equal horizontal stripes of white (top and bottom) alternating with blue; there is a white square in the upper hoist-side corner with a yellow sun bearing a human face known as the Sun of May and 16 rays alternately triangular and wavy

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)