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    Uzbekistan Government 2000

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Republic of Uzbekistan
      conventional short form: Uzbekistan
      local long form: Uzbekiston Respublikasi
      local short form: none
      former: Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic

      Data code: UZ

      Government type: republic; effectively authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch; executive power concentrated in the presidency

      Capital: Tashkent (Toshkent)

      Administrative divisions: 12 wiloyatlar (singular - wiloyat), 1 autonomous republic* (respublikasi), and 1 city** (shahri); Andijon Wiloyati, Bukhoro Wiloyati, Farghona Wiloyati, Jizzakh Wiloyati, Khorazm Wiloyati (Urganch), Namangan Wiloyati, Nawoiy Wiloyati, Qashqadaryo Wiloyati (Qarshi), Qoraqalpoghiston* (Nukus), Samarqand Wiloyati, Sirdaryo Wiloyati (Guliston), Surkhondaryo Wiloyati (Termiz), Toshkent Shahri**, Toshkent Wiloyati
      note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)

      Independence: 31 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)

      National holiday: Independence Day, 1 September (1991)

      Constitution: new constitution adopted 8 December 1992

      Legal system: evolution of Soviet civil law; still lacks independent judicial system

      Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Islom KARIMOV (since 24 March 1990, when he was elected president by the then Supreme Soviet)
      head of government: Prime Minister Otkir SULTONOV (since 21 December 1995) and 10 deputy prime ministers
      cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president with approval of the Supreme Assembly
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 9 January 2000 (next to be held NA January 2005); note - extension of President KARIMOV's original term for an additional five years overwhelmingly approved - 99.6% of total vote in favor - by national referendum held 26 March 1995); prime minister and deputy ministers appointed by the president
      election results: Islom KARIMOV reelected president; percent of vote - Islom KARIMOV 91.9%, Abdulkhafiz DZHALALOV 4.2%

      Legislative branch: unicameral Supreme Assembly or Oliy Majlis (250 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
      elections: last held 5 December 1999 (next to be held NA December 2004)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NDP 32, Fidokorlar 19, Fatherland Progress Party 9, Adolat Social Democratic Party 9, MTP 6, local government 98, initiative groups 11, other 66
      note: not all seats in the last Supreme Assembly election were contested; all parties in the Supreme Assembly support President KARIMOV

      Judicial branch: Supreme Court, judges are nominated by the president and confirmed by the Supreme Assembly

      Political parties and leaders: Adolat (Justice) Social Democratic Party [Turgunpulat DAMINOV, first secretary]; Democratic National Rebirth Party (Milly Tiklanish) or MTP [Ibrahim GAFUROV, chairman]; Fatherland Progress Party (Vatan Tarakiyoti) or VTP [Anvar YULDASHEV, chairman]; People's Democratic Party or NDP (formerly Communist Party) [Abdulkhafiz JALOLOV, first secretary]; Self-Sacrificers Party or Fidokorlar [Erkin NORBOTAEV, general secretary]

      Political pressure groups and leaders: Birlik (Unity) Movement [Abdurakhim PULATOV, chairman]; Erk (Freedom) Democratic Party [Muhamd SOLIH, chairman] was banned 9 December 1992; Human Rights Society of Uzbekistan [Abdumanob PULATOV, chairman]; Independent Human Rights Society of Uzbekistan [Mikhail AROZINOV, chairman]

      International organization participation: AsDB, CCC, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, ECO, ESCAP, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (applicant)

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Sadyk SAFAYEV
      chancery: 1746 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036
      telephone: [1] (202) 887-5300
      FAX: [1] (202) 293-6804
      consulate(s) general: New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Joseph A. PRESEL
      embassy: 82 Chilanzarskaya, Tashkent 700115
      mailing address: use embassy street address; US Embassy Tashkent, Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-7110
      telephone: [998] (71) 120-5450
      FAX: [998] (71) 120-6335

      Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and green separated by red fimbriations with a white crescent moon and 12 white stars in the upper hoist-side quadrant

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