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    Turkmenistan People 2000

      Population: 4,518,268 (July 2000 est.)

      Age structure:
      0-14 years: 38% (male 887,088; female 850,384)
      15-64 years: 58% (male 1,277,176; female 1,321,465)
      65 years and over: 4% (male 69,383; female 112,772) (2000 est.)

      Population growth rate: 1.87% (2000 est.)

      Birth rate: 28.88 births/1,000 population (2000 est.)

      Death rate: 9.04 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.)

      Net migration rate: -1.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)

      Sex ratio:
      at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
      under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
      15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
      65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female
      total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2000 est.)

      Infant mortality rate: 73.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.)

      Life expectancy at birth:
      total population: 60.91 years
      male: 57.29 years
      female: 64.71 years (2000 est.)

      Total fertility rate: 3.63 children born/woman (2000 est.)

      Nationality:
      noun: Turkmen(s)
      adjective: Turkmen

      Ethnic groups: Turkmen 77%, Uzbek 9.2%, Russian 6.7%, Kazakh 2%, other 5.1% (1995)

      Religions: Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%

      Languages: Turkmen 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%

      Literacy:
      definition: age 15 and over can read and write
      total population: 98%
      male: 99%
      female: 97% (1989 est.)

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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