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    Togo Geography 2000

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Benin and Ghana

      Geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 1 10 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 56,785 sq km
      land: 54,385 sq km
      water: 2,400 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than West Virginia

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,647 km
      border countries: Benin 644 km, Burkina Faso 126 km, Ghana 877 km

      Coastline: 56 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 30 nm

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north

      Terrain: gently rolling savanna in north; central hills; southern plateau; low coastal plain with extensive lagoons and marshes

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mont Agou 986 m

      Natural resources: phosphates, limestone, marble, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 38%
      permanent crops: 7%
      permanent pastures: 4%
      forests and woodland: 17%
      other: 34% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 70 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: hot, dry harmattan wind can reduce visibility in north during winter; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues: deforestation attributable to slash-and-burn agriculture and the use of wood for fuel; recent droughts affecting agriculture

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)