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    Qatar Government 2000

      Country name:
      conventional long form: State of Qatar
      conventional short form: Qatar
      local long form: Dawlat Qatar
      local short form: Qatar
      note: closest approximation of the native pronunciation falls between cutter and gutter, but not like guitar

      Data code: QA

      Government type: traditional monarchy

      Capital: Doha

      Administrative divisions: 9 municipalities (baladiyat, singular - baladiyah); Ad Dawhah, Al Ghuwayriyah, Al Jumayliyah, Al Khawr, Al Wakrah, Ar Rayyan, Jarayan al Batinah, Madinat ash Shamal, Umm Salal

      Independence: 3 September 1971 (from UK)

      National holiday: Independence Day, 3 September (1971)

      Constitution: provisional constitution enacted 19 April 1972

      Legal system: discretionary system of law controlled by the amir, although civil codes are being implemented; Islamic law is significant in personal matters

      Suffrage: suffrage is limited to municipal elections

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani (since 27 June 1995 when, as crown prince, he ousted his father, Amir KHALIFA bin Hamad Al Thani, in a bloodless coup); Crown Prince JASSIM bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, third son of the monarch (selected crown prince by the monarch 22 October 1996); note - Amir HAMAD also holds the positions of minister of defense and commander-in-chief of the armed forces
      head of government: Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Khalifa Al Thani, brother of the monarch (since 30 October 1996); Deputy Prime Minister MUHAMMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, brother of the monarch (since 20 January 1998)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch
      elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; note - in March 1999 Qatar held elections for representatives to its Central Municipal Council

      Legislative branch: unicameral Advisory Council or Majlis al-Shura (35 seats; members appointed)
      note: the constitution calls for elections for part of this consultative body, but no elections have been held since 1970, when there were partial elections to the body; Council members have their terms extended every four years since

      Judicial branch: Court of Appeal

      Political parties and leaders: none

      International organization participation: ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO (pending member), ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Saad Muhammad al-KUBAYSI
      chancery: 4200 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
      telephone: [1] (202) 274-1600
      consulate(s) general: Houston

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Elizabeth MCKUNE
      embassy: 22 February Road, Doha
      mailing address: P. O. Box 2399, Doha
      telephone: [974] 884 101
      FAX: [974] 884 150
      note: work week is Saturday-Wednesday

      Flag description: maroon with a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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