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    Namibia Geography 2000

      Location: Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and South Africa

      Geographic coordinates: 22 00 S, 17 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 825,418 sq km
      land: 825,418 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than half the size of Alaska

      Land boundaries:
      total: 3,824 km
      border countries: Angola 1,376 km, Botswana 1,360 km, South Africa 855 km, Zambia 233 km

      Coastline: 1,572 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: desert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse and erratic

      Terrain: mostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert in east

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Konigstein 2,606 m

      Natural resources: diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, zinc, salt, vanadium, natural gas, hydropower, fish
      note: suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore

      Land use:
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 46%
      forests and woodland: 22%
      other: 31% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 60 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: prolonged periods of drought

      Environment - current issues: very limited natural fresh water resources; desertification

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)