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    Monaco Government 2000

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Principality of Monaco
      conventional short form: Monaco
      local long form: Principaute de Monaco
      local short form: Monaco

      Data code: MN

      Government type: constitutional monarchy

      Capital: Monaco

      Administrative divisions: none; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are four quarters (quartiers, singular - quartier); Fontvieille, La Condamine, Monaco-Ville, Monte-Carlo

      Independence: 1419 (beginning of the rule by the House of Grimaldi)

      National holiday: National Day, 19 November

      Constitution: 17 December 1962

      Legal system: based on French law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: Prince RAINIER III (since 9 May 1949); Heir Apparent Prince ALBERT Alexandre Louis Pierre, son of the monarch (born 14 March 1958)
      head of government: Minister of State Michel LEVEQUE (since 3 February 1997)
      cabinet: Council of Government is under the authority of the monarch
      elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; minister of state appointed by the monarch from a list of three French national candidates presented by the French Government

      Legislative branch: unicameral National Council or Conseil National (18 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
      elections: last held 1 and 8 February 1998 (next to be held NA January 2003)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UND 18

      Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Tribunal Supreme, judges named by the monarch on the basis of nominations by the National Council

      Political parties and leaders: National and Democratic Union or UND [Jean-Louis CAMPORA]

      International organization participation: ACCT, ECE, IAEA, ICAO, ICRM, IFRCS, IHO, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ITU, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

      Diplomatic representation in the US: Monaco does not have an embassy in the US
      consulate(s): New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US: the US does not have an embassy in Monaco; the US Consul General in Marseille (France) is accredited to Monaco

      Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; similar to the flag of Indonesia which is longer and the flag of Poland which is white (top) and red

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