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    Mauritania Geography 2000

      Location: Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara

      Geographic coordinates: 20 00 N, 12 00 W

      Map references: Africa

      Area:
      total: 1,030,700 sq km
      land: 1,030,400 sq km
      water: 300 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than three times the size of New Mexico

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,074 km
      border countries: Algeria 463 km, Mali 2,237 km, Senegal 813 km, Western Sahara 1,561 km

      Coastline: 754 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty

      Terrain: mostly barren, flat plains of the Sahara; some central hills

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Sebkha de Ndrhamcha -3 m
      highest point: Kediet Ijill 910 m

      Natural resources: iron ore, gypsum, fish, copper, phosphate

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 38%
      forests and woodland: 4%
      other: 58% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 490 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind blows primarily in March and April; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues: overgrazing, deforestation, and soil erosion aggravated by drought are contributing to desertification; very limited natural fresh water resources away from the Senegal which is the only perennial river

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: most of the population concentrated in the cities of Nouakchott and Nouadhibou and along the Senegal River in the southern part of the country

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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