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    Malta Geography 2000

      Location: Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)

      Geographic coordinates: 35 50 N, 14 35 E

      Map references: Europe

      total: 316 sq km
      land: 316 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 140 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: Mediterranean with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers

      Terrain: mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Ta'Dmejrek 253 m (near Dingli)

      Natural resources: limestone, salt, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 38%
      permanent crops: 3%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 59% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: very limited natural fresh water resources; increasing reliance on desalination

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note: the country comprises an archipelago, with only the three largest islands (Malta, Ghawdex or Gozo, and Kemmuna or Comino) being inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)