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    Korea, South Government 2000

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Republic of Korea
      conventional short form: South Korea
      local long form: Taehan-min'guk
      local short form: none
      note: the South Koreans generally use the term "Han-guk" to refer to their country
      abbreviation: ROK

      Data code: KS

      Government type: republic

      Capital: Seoul

      Administrative divisions: 9 provinces (do, singular and plural) and 6 special cities* (gwangyoksi, singular and plural); Cheju-do, Cholla-bukto, Cholla-namdo, Ch'ungch'ong-bukto, Ch'ungch'ong-namdo, Inch'on-gwangyoksi*, Kangwon-do, Kwangju-gwangyoksi*, Kyonggi-do, Kyongsang-bukto, Kyongsang-namdo, Pusan-gwangyoksi*, Soul-t'ukpyolsi*, Taegu-gwangyoksi*, Taejon-gwangyoksi*

      Independence: 15 August 1945, date of liberation from Japanese colonial rule

      National holiday: Liberation Day, 15 August (1945)

      Constitution: 25 February 1988

      Legal system: combines elements of continental European civil law systems, Anglo-American law, and Chinese classical thought

      Suffrage: 20 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President KIM Dae-jung (since 25 February 1998)
      head of government: Prime Minister PAK Tae-chun (since 10 January 2000)
      cabinet: State Council appointed by the president on the prime minister's recommendation
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a single five-year term; election last held 18 December 1997 (next to be held by 18 December 2002); prime minister appointed by the president; deputy prime ministers appointed by the president on the prime minister's recommendation
      election results: KIM Dae-jung elected president; percent of vote - KIM Dae-jung (NCNP) 40.3% (with ULD partnership), YI Hoe-chang (GNP) 38.7%, YI In-che (NPP) 19.2%

      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or Kukhoe (299 seats - starting with the April 2000 election the number of seats will be reduced to 273; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 11 April 1996 (next to be held 13 April 2000)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NKP 139, NCNP 79, ULD 50, DP 15, independents 16; note - the distribution of seats as of January 2000 was as follows: GNP 130, MDP (former NCNP) 103, ULD 55, independents 11

      Judicial branch: Supreme Court, justices are appointed by the president subject to the consent of the National Assembly

      Political parties and leaders: Grand National Party or GNP [YI Hoe-chang, president]; Millennium Democratic Party or MDP [KIM Dae-jung, president]; United Liberal Democrats or ULD [KIM Chong-p'il, honorary chairman]
      note: subsequent to the legislative election of April 1996 the following parties disbanded - New Korea Party or NKP and Democratic Party or DP; on 20 January 2000, the National Congress for New Politics or NCNP was renamed the Millennium Democratic Party or MDP

      Political pressure groups and leaders: Federation of Korean Industries; Federation of Korean Trade Unions; Korean Confederation of Trade Unions; Korean National Council of Churches; Korean Traders Association; Korean Veterans' Association; National Council of Labor Unions; National Democratic Alliance of Korea; National Federation of Farmers' Associations; National Federation of Student Associations

      International organization participation: AfDB, APEC, AsDB, BIS, CCC, CP, EBRD, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA (observer), IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM (guest), NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE (partner), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMOGIP, UNOMIG, UNU, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador YI Hong-ku
      chancery: 2450 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 939-5600
      FAX: [1] (202) 387-0205
      consulate(s) general: Anchorage, Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Honolulu, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco, and Seattle
      consulate(s): Agana (Guam)

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Stephen W. BOSWORTH
      embassy: 82 Sejong-Ro, Chongro-ku, Seoul
      mailing address: American Embassy, Unit 15550, APO AP 96205-0001
      telephone: [82] (2) 397-4114
      FAX: [82] (2) 738-8845

      Flag description: white with a red (top) and blue yin-yang symbol in the center; there is a different black trigram from the ancient I Ching (Book of Changes) in each corner of the white field

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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