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    Japan Transportation 2000

      Railways:
      total: 23,670.7 km
      standard gauge: 2,893.1 km 1.435-m gauge (entirely electrified)
      narrow gauge: 89.8 km 1.372-m gauge (89.8 km electrified); 20,656.8 km 1.067-m gauge (10,383.6 km electrified); 31 km 0.762-m gauge (3.6 km electrified) (1994)

      Highways:
      total: 1,152,207 km
      paved: 863,003 km (including 6,114 km of expressways)
      unpaved: 289,204 km (1997 est.)

      Waterways: about 1,770 km; seagoing craft ply all coastal inland seas

      Pipelines: crude oil 84 km; petroleum products 322 km; natural gas 1,800 km

      Ports and harbors: Akita, Amagasaki, Chiba, Hachinohe, Hakodate, Higashi-Harima, Himeji, Hiroshima, Kawasaki, Kinuura, Kobe, Kushiro, Mizushima, Moji, Nagoya, Osaka, Sakai, Sakaide, Shimizu, Tokyo, Tomakomai

      Merchant marine:
      total: 662 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 13,039,488 GRT/18,024,969 DWT
      ships by type: bulk 146, cargo 49, chemical tanker 13, combination bulk 16, combination ore/oil 4, container 25, liquified gas 45, passenger 9, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 214, refrigerated cargo 22, roll-on/roll-off 48, short-sea passenger 9, vehicle carrier 60 (1999 est.)

      Airports: 171 (1999 est.)

      Airports - with paved runways:
      total: 140
      over 3,047 m: 6
      2,438 to 3,047 m: 34
      1,524 to 2,437 m: 41
      914 to 1,523 m: 28
      under 914 m: 31 (1999 est.)

      Airports - with unpaved runways:
      total: 31
      1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
      914 to 1,523 m: 2
      under 914 m: 28 (1999 est.)

      Heliports: 14 (1999 est.)

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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