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    Hungary Geography 2000

      Location: Central Europe, northwest of Romania

      Geographic coordinates: 47 00 N, 20 00 E

      Map references: Europe

      Area:
      total: 93,030 sq km
      land: 92,340 sq km
      water: 690 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Indiana

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,009 km
      border countries: Austria 366 km, Croatia 329 km, Romania 443 km, Serbia and Montenegro 151 km (all with Serbia), Slovakia 515 km, Slovenia 102 km, Ukraine 103 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers

      Terrain: mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Tisza River 78 m
      highest point: Kekes 1,014 m

      Natural resources: bauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 51%
      permanent crops: 3.6%
      permanent pastures: 12.4%
      forests and woodland: 19%
      other: 14% (1999)

      Irrigated land: 2,060 sq km (1993 est.)

      Environment - current issues: the approximation of Hungary's standards in waste management, energy efficiency, and air, soil, and water pollution with environmental requirements for EU accession will require large investments

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: landlocked; strategic location astride main land routes between Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula as well as between Ukraine and Mediterranean basin

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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