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    Fiji Economy 2000

      Economy - overview: Fiji, endowed with forest, mineral, and fish resources, is one of the most developed of the Pacific island economies, though still with a large subsistence sector. Sugar exports and a growing tourist industry are the major sources of foreign exchange. Sugar processing makes up one-third of industrial activity. Roughly 300,000 tourists visit each year, including thousands of Americans following the start of regularly scheduled non-stop air service from Los Angeles. Fiji's growth slowed in 1997 because the sugar industry suffered from low world prices and rent disputes between farmers and landowners. Drought in 1998 further damaged the sugar industry, but its recovery in 1999 contributed to robust GDP growth. Long-term problems include low investment and uncertain property rights.

      GDP: purchasing power parity - $5.9 billion (1999 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate: 7.8% (1999 est.)

      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $7,300 (1999 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 16.5%
      industry: 25.5%
      services: 58% (1998 est.)

      Population below poverty line: NA%

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 0% (1999 est.)

      Labor force: 235,000

      Labor force - by occupation: subsistence agriculture 67%, wage earners 18%, salary earners 15% (1987)

      Unemployment rate: 6% (1997 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $540.65 million
      expenditures: $742.65 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1997 est.)

      Industries: tourism, sugar, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber, small cottage industries

      Industrial production growth rate: 2.9% (1995)

      Electricity - production: 550 million kWh (1998)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 20%
      hydro: 80%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricity - consumption: 512 million kWh (1998)

      Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (1998)

      Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (1998)

      Agriculture - products: sugarcane, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), rice, sweet potatoes, bananas; cattle, pigs, horses, goats; fish

      Exports: $393 million (f.o.b., 1998)

      Exports - commodities: sugar 32%, clothing, gold, processed fish, lumber

      Exports - partners: Australia 34%, UK 18%, other Pacific island countries 11%, US 11%, NZ 5%, Japan 5% (1997)

      Imports: $612 million (f.o.b., 1998)

      Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, food, chemicals

      Imports - partners: Australia 45%, NZ 15%, Japan 7%, US 5%, Singapore 4% (1997)

      Debt - external: $213 million (1997)

      Economic aid - recipient: $40.3 million (1995)

      Currency: 1 Fijian dollar (F$) = 100 cents

      Exchange rates: Fijian dollars (F$) per US$1 - 1.9654 (January 2000), 1.9696 (1999), 1.9868 (1998), 1.4437 (1997), 1.4033 (1996), 1.4063 (1995)

      Fiscal year: calendar year

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