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    Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Geography 2000

      Location: Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of southern Argentina

      Geographic coordinates: 51 45 S, 59 00 W

      Map references: South America

      total: 12,173 sq km
      land: 12,173 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes the two main islands of East and West Falkland and about 200 small islands

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 1,288 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200 nm
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; occasional snow all year, except in January and February, but does not accumulate

      Terrain: rocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Usborne 705 m

      Natural resources: fish, wildlife

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 99%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 1% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: strong winds persist throughout the year

      Environment - current issues: NA

      Geography - note: deeply indented coast provides good natural harbors; short growing season

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)