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    Chad Geography 2000

      Location: Central Africa, south of Libya

      Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 19 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 1.284 million sq km
      land: 1,259,200 sq km
      water: 24,800 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than three times the size of California

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,968 km
      border countries: Cameroon 1,094 km, Central African Republic 1,197 km, Libya 1,055 km, Niger 1,175 km, Nigeria 87 km, Sudan 1,360 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: tropical in south, desert in north

      Terrain: broad, arid plains in center, desert in north, mountains in northwest, lowlands in south

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Djourab Depression 160 m
      highest point: Emi Koussi 3,415 m

      Natural resources: petroleum (unexploited but exploration under way), uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad)

      Land use:
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 36%
      forests and woodland: 26%
      other: 35% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 140 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds occur in north; periodic droughts; locust plagues

      Environment - current issues: inadequate supplies of potable water; improper waste disposal in rural areas contributes to soil and water pollution; desertification

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping

      Geography - note: landlocked; Lake Chad is the most significant water body in the Sahel

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)