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    Central African Republic Geography 2000

      Location: Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo

      Geographic coordinates: 7 00 N, 21 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 622,984 sq km
      land: 622,984 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,203 km
      border countries: Cameroon 797 km, Chad 1,197 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,577 km, Republic of the Congo 467 km, Sudan 1,165 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers

      Terrain: vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Oubangui River 335 m
      highest point: Mont Ngaoui 1,420 m

      Natural resources: diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 5%
      forests and woodland: 75%
      other: 17% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common

      Environment - current issues: tap water is not potable; poaching has diminished its reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges; desertification; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: landlocked; almost the precise center of Africa

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)