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    Brunei Government 2000

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Negara Brunei Darussalam
      conventional short form: Brunei

      Data code: BX

      Government type: constitutional sultanate

      Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan

      Administrative divisions: 4 districts (daerah-daerah, singular - daerah); Belait, Brunei and Muara, Temburong, Tutong

      Independence: 1 January 1984 (from UK)

      National holiday: National Day, 23 February (1984)

      Constitution: 29 September 1959 (some provisions suspended under a State of Emergency since December 1962, others since independence on 1 January 1984)

      Legal system: based on English common law; for Muslims, Islamic Shari'a law supersedes civil law in a number of areas

      Suffrage: none

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: Sultan and Prime Minister His Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji HASSANAL Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah (since 5 October 1967); note - the monarch is both the chief of state and head of government
      head of government: Sultan and Prime Minister His Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji HASSANAL Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah (since 5 October 1967); note - the monarch is both the chief of state and head of government
      cabinet: Council of Cabinet Ministers appointed and presided over by the monarch; deals with executive matters
      note: there is also a Religious Council (members appointed by the monarch) that advises on religious matters, a Privy Council (members appointed by the monarch) that deals with constitutional matters, and the Council of Succession (members appointed by the monarch) that determines the succession to the throne if the need arises
      elections: none; the monarch is hereditary

      Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Council or Majlis Masyuarat Megeri (a privy council that serves only in a consultative capacity; NA seats; members appointed by the monarch)
      elections: last held in March 1962
      note: in 1970 the Council was changed to an appointive body by decree of the monarch; an elected Legislative Council is being considered as part of constitutional reform, but elections are unlikely for several years

      Judicial branch: Supreme Court, chief justice and judges are sworn in by the monarch for three-year terms

      Political parties and leaders: Brunei Solidarity National Party or PPKB in Malay [Haji Mohd HATTA bin Haji Zainal Abidin, president]; the PPKB is the only legal political party in Brunei; it was registered in 1985, but became largely inactive after 1988, it was revived in 1995 and again in 1998; it has less than 200 registered party members; other parties include Brunei People's Party or PRB (banned in 1962) and Brunei National Democratic Party (registered in May 1965, deregistered by the Brunei Government in 1988)

      International organization participation: APEC, ASEAN, C, CCC, ESCAP, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDB, IFRCS, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Pengiran Anak Dato Haji PUTEH Ibni Mohammad Alam
      chancery: 3520 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 342-0159
      FAX: [1] (202) 342-0158

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Sylvia Gaye STANFIELD
      embassy: Third Floor, Teck Guan Plaza, Jalan Sultan, Bandar Seri Begawan
      mailing address: PSC 470 (BSB), FPO AP 96507
      telephone: [673] (2) 229670
      FAX: [673] (2) 225293

      Flag description: yellow with two diagonal bands of white (top, almost double width) and black starting from the upper hoist side; the national emblem in red is superimposed at the center; the emblem includes a swallow-tailed flag on top of a winged column within an upturned crescent above a scroll and flanked by two upraised hands

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
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