Bhutan Geography 2000 - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System
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    Bhutan Geography 2000

      Location: Southern Asia, between China and India

      Geographic coordinates: 27 30 N, 90 30 E

      Map references: Asia

      Area:
      total: 47,000 sq km
      land: 47,000 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: about half the size of Indiana

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,075 km
      border countries: China 470 km, India 605 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: varies; tropical in southern plains; cool winters and hot summers in central valleys; severe winters and cool summers in Himalayas

      Terrain: mostly mountainous with some fertile valleys and savanna

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Drangme Chhu 97 m
      highest point: Kula Kangri 7,553 m

      Natural resources: timber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbide

      Land use:
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 6%
      forests and woodland: 66%
      other: 26% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 340 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: violent storms coming down from the Himalayas are the source of the country's name which translates as Land of the Thunder Dragon; frequent landslides during the rainy season

      Environment - current issues: soil erosion; limited access to potable water

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Nuclear Test Ban
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: landlocked; strategic location between China and India; controls several key Himalayan mountain passes

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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