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    Antigua and Barbuda Government 2000

      Country name:
      conventional long form: none
      conventional short form: Antigua and Barbuda

      Data code: AC

      Government type: constitutional monarchy with Westminster-style parliament

      Capital: Saint John's

      Administrative divisions: 6 parishes and 2 dependencies*; Barbuda*, Redonda*, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mary, Saint Paul, Saint Peter, Saint Philip

      Independence: 1 November 1981 (from UK)

      National holiday: Independence Day, 1 November (1981)

      Constitution: 1 November 1981

      Legal system: based on English common law

      Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General James B. CARLISLE (since NA 1993)
      head of government: Prime Minister Lester Bryant BIRD (since 8 March 1994)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
      elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general chosen by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister; prime minister appointed by the governor general

      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (17-member body appointed by the governor general) and the House of Representatives (17 seats; members are elected by proportional representation to serve five-year terms)
      elections: House of Representatives - last held 9 March 1999 (next to be held NA March 2004)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - ALP 12, UPP 4, independent 1

      Judicial branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based in Saint Lucia) (one judge of the Supreme Court is a resident of the islands and presides over the Court of Summary Jurisdiction)

      Political parties and leaders: Antigua Caribbean Liberation Movement or ACLM [leader NA]; Antigua Labor Party or ALP [Lester Bryant BIRD]; Barbuda People's Movement or BPM [leader NA]; Progressive Labor Movement or PLM [leader NA]; United National Democratic Party or UNDP [leader NA]; United Progressive Party or UPP [Baldwin SPENCER], a coalition of three opposition political parties - UNDP, ACLM, and PLM

      Political pressure groups and leaders: Antigua Trades and Labor Union or ATLU [William ROBINSON]; People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Hugh MARSHALL]

      International organization participation: ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM (observer), OAS, OECS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Lionel Alexander HURST
      chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
      telephone: [1] (202) 362-5211
      FAX: [1] (202) 362-5225
      consulate(s) general: Miami

      Diplomatic representation from the US: the US does not have an embassy in Antigua and Barbuda (embassy closed 30 June 1994); the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Antigua and Barbuda

      Flag description: red, with an inverted isosceles triangle based on the top edge of the flag; the triangle contains three horizontal bands of black (top), light blue, and white, with a yellow rising sun in the black band

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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