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    Angola Geography 2000

      Location: Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo

      Geographic coordinates: 12 30 S, 18 30 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 1,246,700 sq km
      land: 1,246,700 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,198 km
      border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,511 km (of which 220 km is the boundary of discontiguous Cabinda Province), Republic of the Congo 201 km, Namibia 1,376 km, Zambia 1,110 km

      Coastline: 1,600 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: semiarid in south and along coast to Luanda; north has cool, dry season (May to October) and hot, rainy season (November to April)

      Terrain: narrow coastal plain rises abruptly to vast interior plateau

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Morro de Moco 2,620 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium

      Land use:
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 23%
      forests and woodland: 43%
      other: 32% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 750 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: locally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau

      Environment - current issues: overuse of pastures and subsequent soil erosion attributable to population pressures; desertification; deforestation of tropical rain forest, in response to both international demand for tropical timber and to domestic use as fuel, resulting in loss of biodiversity; soil erosion contributing to water pollution and siltation of rivers and dams; inadequate supplies of potable water

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Desertification, Law of the Sea
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change

      Geography - note: Cabinda is separated from rest of country by the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)