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    Sweden Geography 1997

      Location Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, Kattegat,and Skagerrak, between Finland and Norway

      Geographic coordinates 62 00 N, 15 00 E

      Map references Europe

      total: 449,964 sq km
      land : 410,928 sq km
      water: 39,036 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than California

      Land boundaries
      total: 2,205 km
      border countries: Finland 586 km, Norway 1,619 km

      Coastline 3,218 km

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf : 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: agreed boundaries or midlines
      territorial sea: 12 nm (adjustments made to return a portion of straits to high seas)

      Climate temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudysummers; subarctic in north

      Terrain mostly flat or gently rolling lowlands; mountains in west

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
      highest point: Kebnekaise 2,111 m

      Natural resources zinc, iron ore, lead, copper, silver, timber, uranium, hydropower potential

      Land use
      arable land : 7%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 1%
      forests and woodland: 68%
      other: 24% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 1,150 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards ice floes in the surrounding waters, especially in the Gulf of Bothnia,can interfere with maritime traffic

      Environment - current issues acid rain damaging soils and lakes; pollution of the North Sea and theBaltic Sea

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-EnvironmentalProtocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification,Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of theSea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note strategic location along Danish Straits linking Baltic and North Seas

      NOTE: The information regarding Sweden on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sweden Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sweden Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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