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Turkmenistan People

    Population: 4,366,383 (July 1999 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 38% (male 845,584; female 813,223)
    15-64 years: 58% (male 1,243,031; female 1,283,985)
    65 years and over: 4% (male 68,496; female 112,064) (1999 est.)

    Population growth rate: 1.58% (1999 est.)

    Birth rate: 25.91 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Death rate: 8.77 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Net migration rate: -1.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.61 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 73.1 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 61.11 years
    male: 57.48 years
    female: 64.91 years (1999 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 3.21 children born/woman (1999 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Turkmen(s)
    adjective: Turkmen

    Ethnic groups: Turkmen 77%, Uzbek 9.2%, Russian 6.7%, Kazakh 2%, other 5.1% (1995)

    Religions: Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%

    Languages: Turkmen 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 98%
    male: 99%
    female: 97% (1989 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)