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Oman Geography

    Location: Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and UAE

    Geographic coordinates: 21 00 N, 57 00 E

    Map references: Middle East

    Area:
    total: 212,460 sq km
    land: 212,460 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Kansas

    Land boundaries:
    total: 1,374 km
    border countries: Saudi Arabia 676 km, UAE 410 km, Yemen 288 km

    Coastline: 2,092 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far south

    Terrain: vast central desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m
    highest point: Jabal Shams 2,980 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas

    Land use:
    arable land: 0%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 5%
    forests and woodland: NA%
    other: 95% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 580 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: summer winds often raise large sandstorms and dust storms in interior; periodic droughts

    Environment—current issues: rising soil salinity; beach pollution from oil spills; very limited natural fresh water resources

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ship Pollution, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: strategic location with small foothold on Musandam Peninsula adjacent to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)