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Norway Geography 1999

    Location: Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden

    Geographic coordinates: 62 00 N, 10 00 E

    Map references: Europe

    total: 324,220 sq km
    land: 307,860 sq km
    water: 16,360 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than New Mexico

    Land boundaries:
    total: 2,515 km
    border countries: Finland 729 km, Sweden 1,619 km, Russia 167 km

    Coastline: 21,925 km (includes mainland 3,419 km, large islands 2,413 km, long fjords, numerous small islands, and minor indentations 16,093 km)

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 10 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 4 nm

    Climate: temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior; rainy year-round on west coast

    Terrain: glaciated; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; arctic tundra in north

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Norwegian Sea 0 m
    highest point: Glittertinden 2,472 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, copper, natural gas, pyrites, nickel, iron ore, zinc, lead, fish, timber, hydropower

    Land use:
    arable land: 3%
    permanent crops: NA%
    permanent pastures: 0%
    forests and woodland: 27%
    other: 70% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 970 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: water pollution; acid rain damaging forests and adversely affecting lakes, threatening fish stocks; air pollution from vehicle emissions

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

    Geography—note: about two-thirds mountains; some 50,000 islands off its much indented coastline; strategic location adjacent to sea lanes and air routes in North Atlantic; one of most rugged and longest coastlines in world; Norway is the only NATO member having a land boundary with Russia

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)