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Nepal Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Kingdom of Nepal
    conventional short form: Nepal

    Data code: NP

    Government type: parliamentary democracy as of 12 May 1991

    Capital: Kathmandu

    Administrative divisions: 14 zones (anchal, singular and plural); Bagmati, Bheri, Dhawalagiri, Gandaki, Janakpur, Karnali, Kosi, Lumbini, Mahakali, Mechi, Narayani, Rapti, Sagarmatha, Seti

    Independence: 1768 (unified by Prithvi Narayan Shah)

    National holiday: Birthday of His Majesty the King, 28 December (1945)

    Constitution: 9 November 1990

    Legal system: based on Hindu legal concepts and English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: King BIRENDRA Bir Bikram Shah Dev (succeeded to the throne 31 January 1972 following the death of his father King MAHENDRA Bir Bikram Shah Dev, crowned king 24 February 1975); Heir Apparent Crown Prince DIPENDRA Bir Bikram
    head of government: Prime Minister Girija Prasad KOIRALA (since 15 April 1998)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the prime minister
    elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch

    Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of the National Council (60 seats; 35 appointed by the House of Representatives, 10 by the king, and 15 elected by an electoral college; one-third of the members elected every two years to serve six-year terms) and the House of Representatives (205 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
    elections: House of Representatives—last held 15 November 1994 (next to be held 3 May 1999)
    election results: House of Representatives—percent of vote by party—NCP 33%, CPN/UML 31%, NDP 18%, Nepal Sadbhavana (Goodwill) Party 3%, NWPP 1%; seats by party— CPN/UML 88, NCP 83, NDP 20, NWPP 4, Nepal Sadbhavana (Goodwill) Party 3, independents 7

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Sarbochha Adalat), chief justice is appointed by the monarch on recommendation of the Constitutional Council, the other judges are appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the Judicial Council

    Political parties and leaders: Communist Party of Nepal/United Marxist-Leninist or CPN/UML [Man Mohan ADHIKARI, party president, Madhar KUMAR, general secretary]; Nepali Congress Party or NCP [Girija Prasad KOIRALA, party president, Daranath Rana DHATT, general secretary]; National Democratic Party or NDP (also called Rastriya Prajantra Party or RPP) [Surya Bahadur THAPA]; Nepal Sadbhavana (Goodwill) Party [Gajendra Narayan SINGH, president]; Nepal Workers and Peasants Party or NWPP [Narayan Man BIJUKCHHE, party chair]

    Political pressure groups and leaders: numerous small, left-leaning student groups in the capital; several small, radical Nepalese antimonarchist groups

    International organization participation: AsDB, CCC, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OPCW, SAARC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMIBH, UNMOP, UNPREDEP, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (applicant)

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador THAPA Bekh Bahadur
    chancery: 2131 Leroy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 667-4550
    FAX: [1] (202) 667-5534
    consulate(s) general: New York

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Ralph FRANK
    embassy: Pani Pokhari, Kathmandu
    mailing address: use embassy street address
    telephone: [977] (1) 411179
    FAX: [977] (1) 419963

    Flag description: red with a blue border around the unique shape of two overlapping right triangles; the smaller, upper triangle bears a white stylized moon and the larger, lower triangle bears a white 12-pointed sun

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)