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Italy Transportation

    Railways:
    total: 19,272 km
    standard gauge: 17,983 km 1.435-m gauge; Italian Railways (FS) operates 15,942 km of the total standard gauge routes (10,889 km electrified)
    narrow gauge: 112 km 1.000-m gauge (112 km electrified); 1,177 km 0.950-m gauge (19 km electrified) (1996)

    Highways:
    total: 317,000 km
    paved: 317,000 km (including 9,500 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 0 km (1996 est.)

    Waterways: 2,400 km for various types of commercial traffic, although of limited overall value

    Pipelines: crude oil 1,703 km; petroleum products 2,148 km; natural gas 19,400 km

    Ports and harbors: Augusta (Sicily), Bagnoli, Bari, Brindisi, Gela, Genoa, La Spezia, Livorno, Milazzo, Naples, Porto Foxi, Porto Torres (Sardinia), Salerno, Savona, Taranto, Trieste, Venice

    Merchant marine:
    total: 393 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 5,982,870 GRT/8,413,850 DWT
    ships by type: bulk 38, cargo 46, chemical tanker 60, combination ore/oil 2, container 16, liquefied gas tanker 35, livestock carrier 1, multifunction large-load carrier 1, oil tanker 84, passenger 6, roll-on/roll-off cargo 53, short-sea passenger 28, specialized tanker 12, vehicle carrier 11 (1998 est.)

    Airports: 136 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with paved runways:
    total: 97
    over 3,047 m: 5
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 33
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 17
    914 to 1,523 m: 30
    under 914 m: 12 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with unpaved runways:
    total: 39
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
    914 to 1,523 m: 19
    under 914 m: 18 (1998 est.)

    Heliports: 2 (1998 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)