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Iran Transportation

    Railways:
    total: 7,286 km
    broad gauge: 94 km 1.676-m gauge
    standard gauge: 7,192 km 1.435-m gauge (146 km electrified) (1996 est.)

    Highways:
    total: 162,000 km
    paved: 81,000 km (including 470 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 81,000 km (1996 est.)

    Waterways: 904 km; the Shatt al Arab is usually navigable by maritime traffic for about 130 km; channel has been dredged to 3 m and is in use

    Pipelines: crude oil 5,900 km; petroleum products 3,900 km; natural gas 4,550 km

    Ports and harbors: Abadan (largely destroyed in fighting during 1980-88 war), Ahvaz, Bandar 'Abbas, Bandar-e Anzali, Bushehr, Bandar-e Imam Khomeyni, Bandar-e Lengeh, Bandar-e Mahshahr, Bandar-e Torkaman, Chabahar (Bandar Beheshti), Jazireh-ye Khark, Jazireh-ye Lavan, Jazireh-ye Sirri, Khorramshahr (limited operation since November 1992), Now Shahr

    Merchant marine:
    total: 132 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,238,293 GRT/5,658,259 DWT
    ships by type: bulk 46, cargo 35, chemical tanker 4, combination bulk 1, container 5, liquefied gas tanker 1, multifunction large-load carrier 6, oil tanker 21, refrigerated cargo 2, roll-on/roll-off cargo 10, short-sea passenger 1 (1998 est.)

    Airports: 288 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with paved runways:
    total: 110
    over 3,047 m: 38
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 18
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 25
    914 to 1,523 m: 23
    under 914 m: 6 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with unpaved runways:
    total: 178
    over 3,047 m: 1
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 14
    914 to 1,523 m: 126
    under 914 m: 32 (1998 est.)

    Heliports: 11 (1998 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)