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Greece Transportation

    Railways:
    total: 2,548 km
    standard gauge: 1,565 km 1.435-m gauge (36 km electrified; 23 km double track)
    narrow gauge: 961 km 1.000-m gauge; 22 km 0.750-m gauge (a rack type railway for steep grades)

    Highways:
    total: 117,000 km
    paved: 107,406 km (including 470 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 9,594 km (1996 est.)

    Waterways: 80 km; system consists of three coastal canals; including the Corinth Canal (6 km) which crosses the Isthmus of Corinth connecting the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf and shortens the sea voyage from the Adriatic to Peiraiefs (Piraeus) by 325 km; and three unconnected rivers

    Pipelines: crude oil 26 km; petroleum products 547 km

    Ports and harbors: Alexandroupolis, Elefsis, Irakleion (Crete), Kavala, Kerkyra, Chalkis, Igoumenitsa, Lavrion, Patrai, Peiraiefs (Piraeus), Thessaloniki, Volos

    Merchant marine:
    total: 810 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 24,798,431 GRT/44,056,618 DWT
    ships by type: bulk 307, cargo 66, chemical tanker 19, combination bulk 9, combination ore/oil 12, container 45, liquefied gas tanker 5, multifunction large-load carrier 1, oil tanker 229, passenger 15, passenger-cargo 2, refrigerated cargo 4, roll-on/roll-off cargo 17, short-sea passenger 76, specialized tanker 3 (1998 est.)

    Airports: 78 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with paved runways:
    total: 63
    over 3,047 m: 5
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 15
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 18
    914 to 1,523 m: 16
    under 914 m: 9 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with unpaved runways:
    total: 15
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
    914 to 1,523 m: 3
    under 914 m: 11 (1998 est.)

    Heliports: 2 (1998 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)