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Germany Transportation

    Railways:
    total: 46,300 km including 18,866 km electrified and 14,768 km double- or multiple-tracked (1996)
    note: since privatization in 1994, Deutsche Bahn AG (DBAG) no longer publishes details of the tracks it owns; in addition to the DBAG system there are 102 privately owned railway companies which own an approximate 3,000 km to 4,000 km of the total tracks

    Highways:
    total: 656,074 km
    paved: 650,169 km (including 11,309 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 5,905 km all-weather (1997 est.)

    Waterways: 7,467 km (1997); major rivers include the Rhine and Elbe; Kiel Canal is an important connection between the Baltic Sea and North Sea

    Pipelines: crude oil 2,460 km (1997)

    Ports and harbors: Berlin, Bonn, Brake, Bremen, Bremerhaven, Cologne, Dresden, Duisburg, Emden, Hamburg, Karlsruhe, Kiel, Lubeck, Magdeburg, Mannheim, Rostock, Stuttgart

    Merchant marine:
    total: 594 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 7,699,596 GRT/9,629,163 DWT
    ships by type: cargo 227, chemical tanker 15, combination bulk 1, container 306, liquefied gas tanker 5, multifunction large-load carrier 5, oil tanker 7, passenger 3, railcar carrier 2, refrigerated cargo 2, roll-on/roll-off cargo 14, short-sea passenger 7 (1998 est.)

    Airports: 618 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with paved runways:
    total: 319
    over 3,047 m: 14
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 62
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 68
    914 to 1,523 m: 54
    under 914 m: 121 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with unpaved runways:
    total: 299
    over 3,047 m: 2
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 6
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 6
    914 to 1,523 m: 58
    under 914 m: 227 (1998 est.)

    Heliports: 61 (1998 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)