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Finland Transportation

    Railways:
    total: 5,859 km
    broad gauge: 5,859 km 1.524-m gauge (2,073 km electrified; 480 km double- or more-track) (1996)

    Highways:
    total: 77,796 km
    paved: 49,789 km (including 444 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 28,007 km (1997 est.)

    Waterways: 6,675 km total (including Saimaa Canal); 3,700 km suitable for steamers

    Pipelines: natural gas 580 km

    Ports and harbors: Hamina, Helsinki, Kokkola, Kotka, Loviisa, Oulu, Pori, Rauma, Turku, Uusikaupunki, Varkaus

    Merchant marine:
    total: 101 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,192,559 GRT/1,161,594 DWT
    ships by type: bulk 9, cargo 23, chemical tanker 6, oil tanker 11, passenger 1, railcar carrier 1, roll-on/roll-off cargo 38, short-sea passenger 12 (1998 est.)

    Airports: 157 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with paved runways:
    total: 68
    over 3,047 m: 3
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 26
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 10
    914 to 1,523 m: 20
    under 914 m: 9 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with unpaved runways:
    total: 89
    914 to 1,523 m: 6
    under 914 m: 83 (1998 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)