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Antigua and Barbuda Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Antigua and Barbuda

    Data code: AC

    Government type: parliamentary democracy

    Capital: Saint John's

    Administrative divisions: 6 parishes and 2 dependencies*; Barbuda*, Redonda*, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mary, Saint Paul, Saint Peter, Saint Philip

    Independence: 1 November 1981 (from UK)

    National holiday: Independence Day, 1 November (1981)

    Constitution: 1 November 1981

    Legal system: based on English common law

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General James B. CARLISLE (since NA 1993)
    head of government: Prime Minister Lester Bryant BIRD (since 8 March 1994)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
    elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general chosen by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister; prime minister appointed by the governor general

    Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (17-member body appointed by the governor general) and the House of Representatives (17 seats; members are elected by proportional representation to serve five-year terms)
    elections: House of Representatives—last held 9 March 1999 (next to be held NA March 2004)
    election results: percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party—ALP 12, UPP 4, independent 1

    Judicial branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based in Saint Lucia) (one judge of the Supreme Court is a resident of the islands and presides over the Court of Summary Jurisdiction)

    Political parties and leaders: Antigua Labor Party or ALP [Lester Bryant BIRD]; United Progressive Party or UPP [Baldwin SPENCER], a coalition of three opposition political parties—United National Democratic Party or UNDP, Antigua Caribbean Liberation Movement or ACLM, and the Progressive Labor Movement or PLM

    Political pressure groups and leaders: Antigua Trades and Labor Union or ATLU [William ROBINSON]; People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Hugh MARSHALL]

    International organization participation: ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, NAM (observer), OAS, OECS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTrO

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Lionel Alexander HURST
    chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
    telephone: [1] (202) 362-5211
    FAX: [1] (202) 362-5225
    consulate(s) general: Miami

    Diplomatic representation from the US: the US does not have an embassy in Antigua and Barbuda (embassy closed 30 June 1994); the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Antigua and Barbuda

    Flag description: red, with an inverted isosceles triangle based on the top edge of the flag; the triangle contains three horizontal bands of black (top), light blue, and white, with a yellow rising sun in the black band

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)