Indonesia Peoples of Sumatra
Sources: The Library of Congress Country Studies; CIA World Factbook
Ceremonial cotton cloth of the Lampung ethnic group of southern Sumatra
The vast, heavily forested island of Sumatra forms the southern perimeter of the Strait of Malacca. The strait is one of the most important lanes of shipping and commerce in the world, and historically a crossroads of cultural influences from the Middle East, India, China, and elsewhere in Southeast Asia and East Asia. Although nearly all of the approximately twenty ethnolinguistic groups of Sumatra are devout practitioners of Islam, they nonetheless differ strikingly from one another, particularly in their family structures.
Data as of November 1992
NOTE: The information regarding Indonesia on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies and the CIA World Factbook. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Indonesia Peoples of Sumatra information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Indonesia Peoples of Sumatra should be addressed to the Library of Congress and the CIA.