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Hungary Constitution of 1949
Sources: The Library of Congress Country Studies; CIA World Factbook
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    In June 1948, the Hungarian Workers' Party (on November 1, 1956, renamed the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party--HSWP) sought to legitimate the fundamental changes that had taken place in the state, the economy, and the society and directed the government's Council of Ministers to begin work on a constitution. The Council of Ministers formed a Drafting Committee, which submitted a proposed Constitution on August 5, 1949. The National Assembly ratified the Constitution on August 20, 1949, thus making a new national holiday that coincided with the traditional holiday of the feast of Saint Stephen.

    The regime modeled its Constitution on the 1936 "Stalin" constitution of the Soviet Union. As of the late 1980s, its basic features remained in effect, although the regime added important amendments in 1950, 1953, 1954, 1972 and 1983. The 1949 Constitution contained a sociopolitical program dictated by the Soviet Union and listed the achievements of Hungary's "people's democracy" (see Rakosi's Rule , ch. 1). The government, with its ministerial system, collective presidency, and powerless legislature, resembled the Soviet system of the Stalinist period. The Constitution also created the local council system and new kinds of judicial institutions, and it laid the groundwork for the country's system of public prosecutors (see State Apparatus , this ch.). Only Chapter IX, which described the national flag and coat of arms, had a specifically Hungarian character.

    Data as of September 1989

    NOTE: The information regarding Hungary on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies and the CIA World Factbook. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Hungary Constitution of 1949 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Hungary Constitution of 1949 should be addressed to the Library of Congress and the CIA.

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Revised 10-Nov-04
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