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Sources: The Library of Congress Country Studies; CIA World Factbook
    << Back to Albania Economy


    A man harvesting with a scythe in a field in the central coastal region
    Courtesy Charles Sudetic


    Albanians loading grass into a wagon near the town of Lushnjë in the central part of the country
    Courtesy Charles Sudetic

    Change from a centrally planned economy to a free-market system necessarily entails hardship, job redistribution, income fluctuations, and a naturally unpopular abandonment of a false sense of security. Albania's Stalinist economic system, however, disintegrated so completely in the early 1990s that the people had little choice but to take cover as the government enacted sweeping free-market reforms. Article 1 of an August 1991 law on economic activity ripped the heart out of the Stalinist economic system, providing for the protection of private property and foreign investments and legalizing private employment of workers, privatization of state property, and the extension and acceptance of credit. Government officials set to work drafting a new civil code, a revised commercial code, new enterprise laws, and new banking, tax, labor, antitrust, and social security legislation. Widespread anarchy, an almost complete production shutdown, a paucity of capital, and a lack of managers trained to deal with the vagaries of a market economy slowed the reform process.

    Data as of April 1992

    NOTE: The information regarding Albania on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies and the CIA World Factbook. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Albania ECONOMIC SYSTEM information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Albania ECONOMIC SYSTEM should be addressed to the Library of Congress and the CIA.

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Revised 10-Nov-04
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