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    Tunisia Economía 2000

      Economía - descripción: Tunisia has a diverse economy, with important agricultural, mining, energy, tourism, and manufacturing sectors. Governmental control of economic affairs while still heavy has gradually lessened over the past decade with increasing privatization, simplification of the tax structure, and a prudent approach to debt. Real growth averaged 5.0% in the 1990s, and inflation is slowing. Growth in tourism and increased trade have been key elements in this steady growth. Tunisia's association agreement with the European Union entered into force on 1 March 1998, the first such accord between the EU and Mediterranean countries to be activated. Under the agreement Tunisia will gradually remove barriers to trade with the EU over the next decade. Broader privatization, further liberalization of the investment code to increase foreign investment, and improvements in government efficiency are among the challenges for the future.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $52.6 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 6% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $5,500 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composición por Sector:
      agriculture: 12%
      industry: 28%
      services: 60% (1998 est.)

      Población bajo linea de pobertad: 14.1% (1990 est.)

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumción:
      lowest 10%: 2.3%
      highest 10%: 30.7% (1990)

      Indice de Inflación (precios del consumidor): 2.7% (1999 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral: 3 million (1997 est.)
      note: shortage of skilled labor

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupación: services 55%, industry 23%, agriculture 22% (1995 est.)

      Indice de desempleo: 16.5% (1999 est.)

      Presupuesto:
      revenues: $5.1 billion
      expenditures: $5.8 billion, including capital expenditures to $1.6 billion (1999 est.)

      Industrias: petroleum, mining (particularly phosphate and iron ore), tourism, textiles, footwear, food, beverages

      Industrial production growth rate: 8% (1998 est.)

      Electricidad - Producción: 7.94 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producción por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 99.5%
      hydro: 0.5%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumción: 7.549 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 165 million kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: olives, grain, dairy products, tomatoes, citrus fruit, beef, sugar beets, dates, almonds

      Exportaciones: $5.8 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: textiles, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, agricultural products, hydrocarbons

      Exportaciones - socios: France 27%, Italy 22%, Germany 15%, Belgium 6%, Libya 4% (1998)

      Importaciones: $8.3 billion (c.i.f., 1999 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: machinery and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, fuel, food

      Importaciones - socios: France 27%, Italy 20%, Germany 12%, Spain 4%, Belgium 4%, US 4% (1998)

      Deuda - externa: $12.1 billion (1999 est.)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $933.2 million (1995); note - ODA, $90 million (1998 est.)

      Moneda: 1 Tunisian dinar (TD) = 1,000 millimes

      Indice de intercambio: Tunisian dinars (TD) per US$1 - 1.2455 (January 2000), 1.2546 (December 1999), 1.1387 (1998), 1.1059 (1997), 0.9734 (1996), 0.9458 (1995)

      Año Fiscal: calendar year

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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