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    Vietnam Geography 2000

      Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, alongside China, Laos, and Cambodia

      Geographic coordinates: 16 00 N, 106 00 E

      Map references: Southeast Asia

      Area:
      total: 329,560 sq km
      land: 325,360 sq km
      water: 4,200 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than New Mexico

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4,639 km
      border countries: Cambodia 1,228 km, China 1,281 km, Laos 2,130 km

      Coastline: 3,444 km (excludes islands)

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (mid-May to mid-September) and warm, dry season (mid-October to mid-March)

      Terrain: low, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
      highest point: Ngoc Linh 3,143 m

      Natural resources: phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, forests, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 17%
      permanent crops: 4%
      permanent pastures: 1%
      forests and woodland: 30%
      other: 48% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 18,600 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: occasional typhoons (May to January) with extensive flooding

      Environment - current issues: logging and slash-and-burn agricultural practices contribute to deforestation and soil degradation; water pollution and overfishing threaten marine life populations; groundwater contamination limits potable water supply; growing urban industrialization and population migration are rapidly degrading environment in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Nuclear Test Ban

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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