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    Suriname Geography 2000

      Location: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana

      Geographic coordinates: 4 00 N, 56 00 W

      Map references: South America

      Area:
      total: 163,270 sq km
      land: 161,470 sq km
      water: 1,800 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Georgia

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,707 km
      border countries: Brazil 597 km, French Guiana 510 km, Guyana 600 km

      Coastline: 386 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds

      Terrain: mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: unnamed location in the coastal plain -2 m
      highest point: Wilhelmina Gebergte 1,286 m

      Natural resources: timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 96%
      other: 4% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 600 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: deforestation as timber is cut for export; pollution of inland waterways by small-scale mining activities

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: mostly tropical rain forest; great diversity of flora and fauna that, for the most part, is increasingly threatened by new development; relatively small population, most of which lives along the coast

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    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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