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    Sri Lanka Geography 2000

      Location: Southern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of India

      Geographic coordinates: 7 00 N, 81 00 E

      Map references: Asia

      Area:
      total: 65,610 sq km
      land: 64,740 sq km
      water: 870 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than West Virginia

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 1,340 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon (June to October)

      Terrain: mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Pidurutalagala 2,524 m

      Natural resources: limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 14%
      permanent crops: 15%
      permanent pastures: 7%
      forests and woodland: 32%
      other: 32% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 5,500 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: occasional cyclones and tornadoes

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by poaching and urbanization; coastal degradation from mining activities and increased pollution; freshwater resources being polluted by industrial wastes and sewage runoff; waste disposal; air pollution in Colombo

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: strategic location near major Indian Ocean sea lanes

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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